Fourth Strategic Meeting of GCP21

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Summary of the workshop

Communication team

List of participants

Program and ppts

Outcomes of the workshop

Fourth Strategic Meeting of The Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century, Ibadan, Nigeria, 28-30 Oct 2013

A Cassava–Based Feed System in Africa: Roadmap to a commercial reality


Dr. Claude M. Fauquet
Director GCP21
CIAT, Apdo. Aereo 6713
Cali, Colombia
Cell: +1-314-477-3973
Dr. Martin Fregene
Adviser to the HMA
Abuja, Nigeria
Cell: +234-813-554-4577
Dr. Ken Dashiell
Ibadan, Nigeria
Cell: +234-803-978-4446

Organizing Committee:

FMARD-CTA Dr. Martin Fregene
Eng Tony Egba
IITA Dr. Ken Dashiell
Dr. Peter Kulakow
CRP-L&F Dr. Thomas Randolph
CRP-HT Dr. Allan Duncan
CRP-RTB Dr. Graham Thiele
ILRI-Ibadan Dr. Iheanacho Okike
GCP21 Dr. Claude M. Fauquet

GCP21, the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD), the CGIAR research programs on (Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB), Livestock and Fish and Humidtropics and the private livestock feed sector with common interests in development of a cassava-based feed system in Africa are partnering to organize a workshop in IITA, Ibadan, Oct 28-30, 2013, to ask the question:

What is the best way to develop a cassava-based feed system in Africa?

Workshop Summary:  Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of cassava with a production regularly increasing each year. However, Nigeria continues to import nearly all of its flour, starch, sweeteners and animal feed that could all be made from cassava produced and processed in Nigeria. This surprising contradiction is due to the subsistence mode of cassava production in Nigeria, which is produced, marketed and consumed entirely for local food products such as garri. In addition, there is limited processing capacity and limited value-addition. To fully exploit the fantastic potential of cassava, especially as a replacement of imported raw materials and as an export commodity, there is a need to change how cassava is grown, processed and traded in Nigeria based upon a value-chain development approach.

A "cassava transformation plan" has been initiated under the Agricultural Transformation Program of President Goodluck Jonathan and implemented by the Honorable Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Akin Adesina. The cassava transformation plan seeks to create a new generation of cassava farmers, oriented towards commercial production to generate a cassava production surplus dedicated to specific value-added chains. The overarching strategy of the cassava transformation plan is to turn the cassava sector in Nigeria into a major player in local and international flour, starch, sweeteners, ethanol and dried chips markets by adopting improved production and processing technologies by organizing producers and processors into efficient value-added chains.

Implementation of the value-added chain activities will be driven by the private sector with support from the public sector. A Cassava Market and Trade Development Corporation (CMTDC) has been established as a vehicle to coordinate value-added chain activities between the private sector, the farmers and the government. Primary activities of CMTDC are market development, including advocacy with potential users of cassava-based products and policy makers, to ensure reliable demand. From the public sector, the Federal, State, Local governments and NGOs are organizing and training farmers in modern production methods and supply chain management while and disseminating improved cassava varieties and key inputs required to produce high cassava yields. The Nigerian government will also provide smart financing and, in some instances, help catalyze processing by building industrial-scale processing plants and concessions to the private sector.

Experience from around the world has shown that crop campaigns to raise productivity require a close partnership between research and development partners and the private sector to develop and implement enabling technologies. The cassava transformation agenda is investing significantly in development of improved production methods, new high starch varieties, disease and pest management and diagnostic surveys, as well as the development of novel cassava products. The Cassava Transformation Plan will support the production of high starch and early maturing varieties (harvested in 8-10 months), as well as varieties biofortified with improved nutritional quality to enhance the health status of consumers, especially children. Expected impact include the creation of 1.2 million jobs, half on-farm and half off-farm; an increase of US$450 in income for 1.8 million cassava farmers through increased productivity from 12.5 tons/ha to 25 tons/ha; and creation of strong supply chains.

One of the issues to be worked out in the Cassava Transformation Plan is the use of cassava residues or by-products such as cassava peels that are left as unused waste near processing locations. Another way to add value to the industrial cassava value chain is to turn these by-products into a cassava-based system livestock feed system. Traditionally small farmers discard the peels to their animals (poultry, goats and pigs) but few attempts have been made to really establish a cassava-based feed system to become nutritionally and economically sustainable and thereby use local products to replace imported products in the feed industry. Enhanced production under the Cassava Transformation Plan will produce over 2 million tonnes of additional cassava by-products each year offering a unique opportunity to support a cassava-based feed system at an industrial scale. This will require a close coordination between several partners including FMARD-CTP in Nigeria, the private sector in the feed industry, investors, researchers and farmers..

The main objective of the workshop would be to answer the general question:
What is the best way to develop a cassava-based feed system in Africa?
Subsequent objectives of this workshop will be to discuss the following topics:

  • Defining the biological and economically optimal ration formulation using cassava for each species and production system – with an ultimate focus on smallholder cattle/dairy, small ruminants, pigs and fish and poultry
  • Identifying valuable and affordable local sources of proteins
  • Contributing to developing the value chain for its supply at the industrial and small farmer levels
  • Particular attention to small-scale, localized cassava feed processing technologies and systems for pro-poor livestock and aquaculture value chains
  • Identifying valuable partners in R&D for a cassava-based feed system

The short-term outcomes/impacts expected are:

  • A roadmap to develop of a cassava-based feed system.
  • An action plan for Nigeria
  • Pilot projects to answer specific questions in Africa

The long-term outcomes/impacts expected are:

  • The overall concept proposed by GCP21 is simultaneous development of cassava R&D and value chains of cassava products to push science and technology into cassava productivity and pull multiple products out of cassava production to boost the economic development of cassava stakeholders in Africa, which it turn will promote improved cassava productivity. The CTA is a very ambitious plan aimed at creating both push and pull in cassava and its success will in part determine the future of cassava in Africa.
  • The establishment of a viable global cassava-based feed system with strong markets in Nigeria and in Africa
  • Complementary cassava value chains initiatives developed at the smallholder level will also be considered for deployment in Africa
  • In the long term, the development of the cassava value-added chains involving the private sector in Africa will allow economic development and poverty alleviation as well as health improvement of large segments of the African population.

Communication Plan
A communication team has been assembled to report about the meeting and to interact with journalists.
The team is composed of:

List of Participants

  • Fregene Martin - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Fauquet Claude - GCP21 - USA
  • Egba Tony - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Dashiell Ken - IITA - Nigeria
  • Okike Iheanacho - ILRI-IITA - Nigeria
  • Kulakow Peter - IITA - Nigeria
  • Asiedu Robert - IITA - Nigeria

Cassava Experts

  • Okogbenin Emmanuel - NRCRI - Nigeria
  • Olojede Adeyemi - NRCRI - Nigeria

FMARD Experts

  • Ololade Adegoke - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Adetunji M. O - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Efuntoye A. T - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Awoniyi James - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Yusuf A. B. - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Sonaiya F. - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Yerima Abimiku - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Apollo Samson - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Taiwo J. T - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Bukola Alabi - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Funmilayo Olugbemi - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Oforishe Victor - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Adegoke Damola - FMARD - Nigeria
  • Ogunremi Lawrence - FMARD - Nigeria

FARA Representative

  • Oluwole Fatunbi - FARA - Ghana

Nutrition and Livestock Experts

  • Blummel Michael - ILRI-IN - India
  • Lukuyu Ben - ILRI - Kenya
  • Beveridge Malcolm - World Fish - Malaysia
  • Fahrney Keith - CIAT - Vietnam
  • Ayinla Olajide - NIOMR - Nigeria
  • Tewe Olumide - Ibadan Univ. - Nigeria
  • Iyayi Eustace Univ - Ibadan - Nigeria
  • Lateef Sanni - FUNAAB - Nigeria
  • Ojewola Gbola - NRCRI - Nigeria
  • Oresegun K - NIOMR - Nigeria

Development Partners

  • Lawal Saeed - USAID/MARKETS - Nigeria
  • Ononiwu Godson - USAID/MARKETS - Nigeria
  • Samaila Aliyu - USAID/MARKETS - Nigeria

Feed Industry

  • Oduntan Ayo - Amo-Sanders Feeds Ltd - Nigeria
  • Agbato Olatunde - Animal Care Services Consults Nig. Lt - Nigeria
  • Esuga Philip M - Feedmasters Ltd - Nigeria
  • Oyedeji Remi - representative of toll millers - Nigeria
  • Asanmo Modupe - Livestock feeds plc - Nigeria
  • Burckhardt Rolf - Premier feed mills/Top feeds - Nigeria
  • Knight Chris - NOVUS - USA
  • Arogbodo Ayorinde - Norgem - Nigeria
  • Nielsen Peter - Cargill - Nigeria


  • Olaofe Olatunji Olaitan - CHI ltd – Ajanla Farms - Nigeria
  • Abubakar Alhaji M D - L & Z Farms, Kano - Nigeria

Donor Representatives

  • Batson Howard - USAID - USA


  • Dierenfeld Ellen - Consultant - USA
  • Fagbenro Dapo - Consultant
  • Bamire Simeon - Consultant - Nigeria


  • Gros Andrea - IITA - Nigeria
  • Atser Godwin - IITA - Nigeria
  • Funke Ogunsola - IITA - Nigeria

Program of the meeting

Sunday 27 OCT:
Gathering of the attendees at IITA, Ibadan
7:00 pm: cocktail

Monday 28 OCT:
9:00 am: Opening of the workshop: Ken Dashiell (Chair)
9:10 am: Objectives of the workshop: Claude Fauquet
9:25 am: Keynote of the Honorable Minister of Agriculture represented by Dr. Martin Fregene, Senior Technical Advisor to HMA: The Cassava Transformation Agenda
10:10 am: Motivation and Constraint Card Exercise with discussion – Acho Okike and Peter Kulakow
11:00 – 11:30 am: Coffee Break
11:30 am – 1:00 pm: Cassava as a feed in Africa: Okike Acho (Chair) – Review presentations
11:30 am: Report on fish production and fish feed in Nigeria: Dapo Fagbenro - PDF
11:50 am: Report on cassava-base feed for animal nutrition: Ellen Dierenfeld - PDF
12:10 pm: Report on economics of cassava peels for feed: Simeon Bamire - PDF
12:30 pm: Cassava feed in Asia: Keith Fahrney - PDF
1:00 pm – 2:00 pm: Lunch
2:00 – 2:45 pm: Discussion—Solutions and Constraints
2:45 – 4:00 pm: The Road Map Beginning: Martin Fregene (Chair) - PDF
2:45 pm: The production plan for livestock in Nigeria: F. Sonaiya - PDF
3:05 pm: The production plan for fish in Nigeria: Ololade Adegobe - PDF
3:25 pm: The production plan for pulses in Nigeria: Gbola Ojewola
3:40 pm: Market for cassava feed: Saeed Lawal
4:00 pm: Extra presentations
  Buitrago: Cassava for animal feed - PDF
  Oresegun: Cassava for fish feed - PDF
4:00 – 4:30 pm: Coffee Break
4:30 – 5:30 pm: Emerging issues from these 4 plans (Chair: Kulakow) - PDF
  Short group work and brief reports in plenary
7:00 pm: dinner

Tuesday 29 OCT
8:30 – 8:45 am: Short Recap of Day 1 Claude Fauquet
8:45 – 9:45 am: Card Exercise – Cross Cutting Emerging Issues
   Elements of the Road Map
9:45 – 10:00 am: Create Groups
10:00 – 10:30 am: Coffee Break
10:30 – 12:00 pm: Group discussion in 4 groups – Chairs for the discussion groups: M. Fregene, A. Okike, P. Kulakow, C. Fauquet
12:00 – 1:00 pm: First Group short reports and review comments (Chair: Fauquet)
1:00 – 2:00 pm: Lunch
2:00 – 3:30 pm: Second Group discussion in 4 groups – address review comments and pilot projects
3:30 – 4:00 pm: Coffee Break
4:00 – 5:30 pm: Second Group reports – 15 minutes for each group with 30 minutes for discussion (Chair: Okike) - PDF
6:00 pm: plans for day 3 and adjourn
7:00 pm: dinner

Use card exercises and discussion to focus group work.
Additional questions to answer in discussion groups

  • Defining the nutritionally and economically optimal ration formulation using cassava for each species and production system – with an ultimate focus on smallholder cattle/dairy, small ruminants, poultry, pigs and fish.
  • Identifying valuable and affordable local sources of proteins.
  • Contributing to developing the value chain for its supply at the industrial and small farmer levels.
  • Particular attention to small-scale, localized cassava feed processing technologies and systems for pro-poor livestock and aquaculture value chains.
  • Identifying valuable partners in R&D for a cassava-base feed system.

Wednesday 30 OCT
8:30 – 8:45 am: Short Recap of Day 2 Claude Fauquet
8:45 – 10:30: Discussion about roadmap and pilot projects in 4 groups:
Fish Feed Pilot Project
Poultry Feed Peels Studies
Poultry Pilot Project
Swine Pilot
Martin Fregene, Acho Okike, Peter Kulakow, Claude Fauquet
10:30 – 11:00: Coffee Break
11:00 am – 12:15 pm: Roadmap elaboration discussion: Claude Fauquet
Reports from the group discussions - PDF
12:15 – 12:30: Closing the meeting and adjourn:
12:30 – 1:30 pm: Lunch
1:30: Optional field trip to cassava flour production factory in Ososo

Outcomes of the Meeting:

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